Unique, the Relief of Dalem Jagaraga Temple

Jagaraga village is located in the Sub-District area of Sawan, Buleleng, one of the holy places having characteristics of unique and very natural reliefs describing the life of their communities during the period. The temple with Candi Bentar in its inner compound, once used as a training center in the colonial era. Even, before two local carving artists from local village were exiled here by the Dutch government at the time, because their works in the temple were considered visionary, endangering the Dutch government at the time.

Observing the results of carving artists’ works of sculpture of his time, we could observe from the results of the relief set forth through the media of rock or sandstone. In front of the wall of the temple, there is a relief of aircraft crashed into the sea, a ship attacked by the sea monster, the car with the rider, as well as the results of other sculptures. The results of carving depicted through the sculpture or reliefs were the expression or portrayal of life during the Dutch colonial period. Clearly, the artist wanted to express the results of their works in a real situation at the time.

In addition to the uniqueness showing the life in the colonial era, uniqueness also lies in the carvings depicting Balinese mythological. At the gate archway, it seemed that the artist wanted to express the depiction of Goddess Durga, Rangda or long fanged Giant with a long tongue sticking smoldering fire. So scary or creepy. There are also sculptures carved by local artists that are so typical with the style known as Bulelengan, with their depiction of creative freedom like no rules. It can be seen from the statues of various doings such as daily life, both from the appearance of the smile, the position of the body, hands, and so forth.

Seen from its history, this Dalem Jagaraga Temple once was recorded as a place of heroes in the colonial era regrouped their power. Dalem Jagaraga Temple was also as a media of conciliatory ‘opposition’. It can be seen from the appearance of the reliefs contained in the walls of the temple – the life of colonial was clear at that time. It looks white man driving a car, or airplane and other depictions. Therefore it can be said that Dalem Jagaraga Temple as a witness of war between the colonial government versus Balinese people around 1848 under the leadership of Prince I Gusti Ketut Jelantik.

In Bali War II taken place 1848, there was a war between the Dutch troops against an army or Balinese people, where the Netherlands was applying the issue of coral captive rights – Balinese kings could rob a shipwreck in the waters, however the law could not be approved by the International law. During that time, the Dutch army consisting of 2,400 personnel, including one third of Europeans, the rests were Javanese and Maduranese, as well as a troop composed of Africans who were the Dutch colonial in Ghana. It was told that the troops landed in Sangsit, Sub-District of Sawan on May 7, 1848. On the other hand, the troops of Balinese people numbered 16,000, including 1,500 riflemen. They confronted the Dutch troops in Jagaraga. The troops under the commander of I Gusti Ketut Jelantik finally could block and chase the Dutch troops away. And from the history of the war there were approximately 200 Dutch troops were killed at that time. This war took place again in 1849.

With the existence of the temple’s history and its uniqueness, this temple is visited by many tourists, both local as well as foreign tourists. It was not the only, even this temple is often used as a study center for domestic and foreign researchers. Alit



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